VEHICLES

In Dinosaurs@Dusk Lucy and her dad use a multitude of vehicles to traverse through the modern World and especially through dinosaur territory in the prehistoric World.

All of these vehicles have special features that make them useful in a specific situation or type of terrain. For example the Flying inflatable boat can land on water or on flat surfaces like ice, very useful for bush flying in a time when there were no runways yet.

Here is an overview with some specific information of all the vehicles used by Lucy and dad in Dinosaurs@Dusk.

Paragliding

Lightweight, free-flying, foot-launched glider aircraft

The pilot sits in a harness suspended below a fabric wing consisting of a large number of interconnected and baffled cells. Wing shape is maintained by its suspension lines, the pressure of air entering vents in the front of the wing and the aerodynamic forces of the air flowing over the outside.

Despite not using an engine, paraglider flights can last many hours and cover many hundreds of kilometres, though flights of 1–2 hours and covering some tens of kilometres are more the norm. By skilful exploitation of sources of lift the pilot may gain height, often climbing to altitudes of a few thousand metres.

Paragliders are unique among soaring aircraft in being easily portable. The complete equipment packs into a rucksack and can be carried easily on the pilot's back,[2] in a car, or on public transport. In comparison with other air sports this substantially simplifies travel to a suitable takeoff spot, the selection of a landing place and return travel.


HovPod Hovercraft

Also known as an air-cushion vehicle or ACV.

A hovercraft, also known as an air-cushion vehicle or ACV, is a craft capable of travelling over land, water, mud or ice and other surfaces both at speed and when stationary. Hovercraft are hybrid vessels operated by a pilot as an aircraft rather than a captain as a marine vessel.

Hovercraft use blowers to produce a large volume of air below the hull that is slightly above atmospheric pressure. The pressure difference between the higher pressure air below the hull and lower pressure ambient air above it produces lift, which causes the hull to float above the running surface. For stability reasons, the air is typically blown through slots or holes around the outside of a disk or oval shaped platform, giving most hovercraft a characteristic rounded-rectangle shape. Typically this cushion is contained within a flexible "skirt", which allows the vehicle to travel over small obstructions without damage. A Lithuanian Coast Guard hovercraft with engine off and skirt deflated. The same hovercraft with engine on and skirt inflated.

The first practical design for hovercraft derived from a British invention in the 1950s to 1960s. They are now used throughout the world as specialised transports in disaster relief, coastguard, military and survey applications as well as for sport or passenger service. Very large versions have been used to transport hundreds of people and vehicles across the English Channel whilst others have military applications used to transport tanks, soldiers and large equipment in hostile environments and terrain.

ARGO

Amphibian 6x6

ARGO is a Canadian manufacturer of amphibious all-terrain vehicles. It was founded in 1962 as Ontario Drive and Gear Limited, in Kitchener, Ontario and was later moved to New Hamburg, Ontario. ARGO offers 6x6 and 8x8 amphibious vehicles. Founded in 1962[1] in Kitchener, Ontario. ODG helped design the transmission for the Amphicat. ODG manufactures 8x8 vehicles and 6x6 vehicles for recreational and industrial use.

In November 2009 volunteers in twelve communities in Nunavut were each equipped with an Argo Avenger, one of ODG's 8x8 vehicles, for local Search and Rescue. Recently ODG was asked to help the Canadian Space Agency in designing a lunar vehicle. The ARGO 8x8 750 HDi. The ARGO is an all-terrain 8x8|6x6 amphibious utv. ODG has been manufacturing the ARGOs for over three decades. ARGO produces a similar full body/cab version named the Centaur.

Yamaha Rhino Quad

Off-road vehicle

The Yamaha Rhino is an off-road vehicle made by Yamaha Motor Company. The 2-person four-wheel drive vehicles are in a unique class called "Side by Side", which is in-between the size of ATVs and Mini SUVs. The Rhino is gaining popularity in racing with customizations similar to the full-size vehicles. Polaris and Arctic Cat have made vehicles in the same class.

Production for the Rhino began in Yamaha's production facility in Newnan Georgia in 2004 and ended with the 2013 model year. Many have regarded the Rhino as one of the industry's most versatile UTV machines. The Rhino's size is well suited to many different tasks ranging from recreation to work due to it's "not too small, not too large" chassis and cargo bed. The smaller nature of the design suit those who prefer to operate in tighter riding environments like wooded areas, while the cargo bed is still big enough to carry equipment or supplies for a job site. The Rhino also broke new ground with the recreational crowd upon its introduction in 2004. Up until the Rhino's debut, the UTV market was dominated by slow, heavy, oversized machines designed strictly for work use. The Rhino's faster top speed, powerful engine, nimble independent suspension, and overall smaller size proved that the UTV segment could be popular with those who liked to play as well as work. The Rhino is widely accepted as the first true crossover (work and recreation) UTV.

AW139 helicopter

Twin-turbine helicopter

The AW139 is a new generation medium twin-turbine helicopter setting new standards against which all medium twins are measured. Designed with inherent multi-role capability and flexibility of operation, the AW139 is capable of carrying up to 15 passengers at very high speed, in a most spacious and comfortable cabin. The ample baggage compartment is accessible both from the cabin and externally. The AW139 provides the best power reserve of any helicopter in the medium twin-engine class. A brand new helicopter, it fully complies with the latest stringent requirements in terms of performance and safety. Its Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6C-67C turbines, together with a state-of-the-art 5-bladed main rotor, deliver a high cruise speed even in demanding conditions at all weights. They deliver an outstanding power to weight ratio, which allows Category “A” performance capabilities with no limitations in a wide range of operating conditions including ‘hot and high’. Leading edge technology includes a Honeywell Primus Epic fully integrated avionics system, a 4-axis digital AFCS and large flat panel colour displays in the cockpit. Full icing protection is available as an option. As a result of the new design approach the AW139 uses fewer components, benefits from integrated avionics and provides easy accessibility to all systems for simplified maintenance tasks. The AW139 can be used for a wide range of applications including executive/VIP transport, EMS/SAR, offshore OGP support, fire fighting, law enforcement, paramilitary and military roles.

Pitts Special Aerobatics Aircraft

Two-seat light high-winged aircraft

The Pitts Special is the world's leading high performance aerobatic aircraft. In the USA the Pitts Special has won more unlimited-class aerobatic contests than any other aircraft type. Some pilots think about flying airplanes almost every day. They make imaginary flights while driving their car or even at their desk. And sometimes imagining can seem better than actually flying. But never in a Pitts! It's an experience that's almost impossible to describe. You think "turn" and you turn. You think "roll" and you roll. Turn it over and it flies just as if it were right side up. Even after several hundred hours, each flight is an exhilarating, awesome experience. So if anyone ever asks you to go for a ride, be prepared to be infected with an incurable passion. Because there is nothing, absolutely nothing that flies like a Pitts.

In 1970, a manufacturing operation known as Pitts Aerobatics was started in Afton, Wyoming, using the plant facilities and experienced manufacturing personnel who previously built the Call Air A-5 and A-9 agricultural aircraft. The first Pitts Special S-2A was produced in Afton in 1971. During the 1970's, most Pitts Special versions were Type-Certified under the requirements of FAR Part 23 in the Acrobatic Category. Since then, the Pitts Special S-2B has received Type-Certification and has become the most popular version of the Pitts Special line in current production.

Aviat Inc. acquired the Type Certificates and rights to the Pitts Special aircraft in March 1991 in Afton, Wyoming. Subsequently those rights were purchased by Aviat Aircraft Inc. in December of 1995. Marketing, Engineering, Fabrication, Assembly, and Flight Testing operations for the Pitts Special line are all conducted at the Afton, Wyoming location. Aircraft rigging is meticulously adjusted during flight testing to ensure that every aircraft is aerodynamically optimized for maximum performance in aerobatic competition. The current array of Pitts Special models represents the latest design refinement of this legendary family of aerobatic aircraft.

Airbus 380

Double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner

The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner. It is the world's largest passenger airliner; many airports have upgraded their facilities to accommodate it because of its size. Initially named Airbus A3XX, Airbus designed the aircraft to challenge Boeing's monopoly in the large-aircraft market; the A380 made its first flight on 27 April 2005 and began commercial service in October 2007 with Singapore Airlines.

The A380's upper deck extends along the entire length of the fuselage, with a width equivalent to a wide-body aircraft. This gives the A380-800's cabin 478 square metres (5,145.1 sq ft) of floor space, which is 40% more than the next-largest airliner, the Boeing 747-8, and provides seating for 525 people in a typical three-class configuration or up to 853 people in all-economy class configurations. The A380-800 has a design range of 15,700 kilometres (8,500 nmi; 9,800 mi), sufficient to fly from New York to Hong Kong, and a cruising speed of Mach 0.85 (about 900 km/h or 560 mph; 490 kn at cruising altitude).

As of September 2013, Airbus has received 259 firm orders and delivered 111 aircraft. Emirates has ordered the most A380s with 90.

Kite buggys

light, purpose-built vehicle powered by a traction kite

A kite buggy is a light, purpose-built vehicle powered by a traction kite (power kite). It is single-seated and has one steerable front wheel and two fixed rear wheels. The driver sits in the seat located in the middle of the vehicle and accelerates and slows down by applying steering manoeuvres in coordination with flying manoeuvres of the kite. This activity is called kite buggying. The speed achieved in kite buggies by skilled drivers can range up to around 110 km/h (70 mph), hence protective clothing, including a safety helmet, is commonly worn.

The kite buggy was probably invented in China around the 13th century. It was promulgated by George Pocock (inventor) in the UK in 1827[1] and kite buggies were available commercially in US and UK in the late 1970s.[2] Peter Lynn is generally attributed with the modern popularization of buggies and kite buggying with his introduction of strong, lightweight, affordable buggies in the early 1990s.

Kite buggying is similar to land yachting, windsurfing or even yachting, and therefore much of its terminology and technique has been adopted from these activities. Kite buggies are classified as "Class 8 Land Yachts " by FISLY and kite buggying competitions are often based on established land yachting guidelines.

Polaris Flying Inflatable Boat

Fly on all water surfaces including the sea

The FIB was patented by Polaris Motor SRL, the first Italian producer of hand gliders and ultralights, in 1986, in collaboration with the well known RIB (Rigid Inflatable Boat ) manufacturer, Lomac Nautica. The Malingri Family, owner of Polaris with their experience and knowledge of the sea, designed a safe and seaworthy ultralight with a very simple maintenance, easy to use from boats or beaches.

Since 1987 more than 1000 units have been sold around the world (Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Turkey, Red Sea, Argentina, Madagascar, USA etc.) Toyota bought 80 FIBS, many units operate from tourist resorts, and are on maxi yachts. The navy seals of Singapore use FIB's for special missions. Greenpace has two FIB's and used them during the French nuclear testing . The strength of the FIB is given by his simplicity: in only 10 hours of flight lesson you are perfectly capable of flying in safety.

Aeropro Eurofox

Two-seat light high-winged aircraft

The Aeropro Eurofox is a Slovakian-built two-seat light high-winged aircraft. It qualifies as a Light Sport Aircraft in the United States. Aeropro was formed in 1990, and established its factory at Nitra in Slovakia. Deliveries of the Eurofox commenced in 1990. Since 1999, two versions have been produced, the conventional gear (taildragger) and the Tricycle gear. All versions have an enclosed cabin with two-side-by-side seats and folding wings. The Eurofox is sold in Europe as both factory complete and kit form, but is only available as a factory built aircraft in the U.S.

From 2009, the Eurofox models were marketed in the USA and Canada by Aerotrek Aircraft of Bloomfield, Indiana. This firm has named the tri-gear version as the Aerotrek A240 and the tailwheel version as the Aerotrek A220. Latest versions can be equipped with an optional parachute recovery system. Both versions are offered with the 80 hp (60 kW) Rotax 912UL and the 100 hp (75 kW) Rotax 912ULS engines.



Parachute

Slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag

A parachute is a device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag, or in the case of ram-air parachutes, aerodynamic lift. Parachutes are usually made out of light, strong cloth, originally silk, now most commonly nylon. Depending on the situation, parachutes are used with a variety of loads, including people, food, equipment, space capsules, and bombs.

Drogue chutes are used to aid horizontal deceleration of a vehicle (a fixed-wing aircraft, or a drag racer), or to provide stability (certain types of light aircraft in distress; tandem free-fall; or a space shuttle after a touchdown).

The word "parachute" comes from the French prefix paracete, originally from the Greek, meaning to protect against, and chute, the French word for "fall", and it was originally coined, as a hybrid word which meant literally "that which protects against a fall", by the French aeronaut François Blanchard (1753–1809) in 1785.

ATB

A mountain bike or mountain bicycle (abbreviated MTB) is a bicycle created for off-road cycling.

Mountain bikes are typically ridden on single track trails, fire roads, logging roads, and other unpaved environments. These types of terrain commonly include rocks, washouts, ruts, loose sand, loose gravel, roots, and steep grades (both inclines and declines). Mountain bikes are built to handle this terrain and the obstacles that are found in it like logs, vertical drop offs, and smaller boulders.

Mountain bike construction differs from a typical bicycle in many ways. The most noticeable differences are the inclusion of suspension on the frame and fork, larger knobby tires, more durable heavy duty wheels, more powerful brakes, and lower gear ratios needed for steep grades with poor traction.

Since the development of the sport in the 1970s many new subtypes of mountain biking have developed, such as cross-country (XC) biking, all-day endurance biking, Freeride-biking, downhill mountain biking, and a variety of track and slalom competitions. Each of these place different demands on the bike requiring different designs for optimal performance. MTB development has included an increase in gearing, up to 30 speeds, to facilitate both climbing and rapid descents. However, advancements in sprocket design has recently led to the "1 by" trend, simplifying the gearing to one sprocket in the front and 10 or 11 in the rear of the drive train. This allows for lighter component weights while still maintaining a large spread of gearing options. Single speed mountain bikes are also becoming more and more popular. Other developments include disc instead of rim brakes and 29" and 27.5" tires instead of the traditional 26" tires.

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